The ground shook and the window rattled. I lay there and sweated and swore. The voice from the loudspeaker urged me to get away from the windows. I was inside a tin can. I crawled to the door. My hand was on the knob when I realized I was naked. The next impact knocked the air conditioner to the floor. I grabbed a light-blue cotton robe and bolted. I raced along a row of sandbags, one hand holding the robe closed. The duck-and-cover bunkers were feet away.
The Defence Forces say they are "satisfied" with procedures for dealing with complaints from women who suffer alleged sexual harassment, bullying or discrimination. However, a theme running through the findings of four years of research by a former Army captain, Tom Clonan, for his doctoral thesis in communications for Dublin City University DCU , was that women soldiers who suffered abuses felt there was no adequate way of complaining. Mr Clonan, who retired from the Army last year after 11 years, served with the Irish Battalion in the Lebanon during the Israeli bombardment of south Lebanon. Before he retired he worked in the Defence Forces press office. He carried out research for his PhD part-time while serving in the Army. Mr Clonan, who is now a lecturer in communications at the Institute of Technology Tallaght ITT , reported that 12 of the 60 women soldiers he interviewed for his thesis said they had been the victims of a sexual assault in the workplace. All of the women interviewed were critical of the manner in which the Army handles such incidents," he writes in the thesis, which has been seen by The Irish Times. He quotes two women on this issue both stating they believed they could not get redress when they complained to senior male officers about what was happening to them. In a section of his thesis entitled Remarks of a sexually explicit nature, Mr Clonan wrote: "Of the 43 women I interviewed in Ireland, 18 of those gave accounts of incidents in which remarks of a sexually explicit and offensive nature were made to them.
The investigation grew out of US Marines posting naked pictures of their colleagues on social media. The United States Marine Corps is now investigating a 'slew' of gay porn websites as it expands on the allegations of soldiers sharing nude images , according to USA Today. The site reports that the American military is now analysing pages hosting images of "men wearing military uniforms engaged in sex acts. It follows on from the initial investigation, which involved soldiers posting naked photos of their female colleagues on a secret Facebook group. Now investigators will be tasked with determining whether the men featured on the gay sites are active-duty troops. If so, they may well be deemed to be bringing discredit to the service - something covered by military law. The investigation has also grown to include other branches of the US military, not just the Marines. Explicit images of airmen, soldiers and sailors are also present on the social media site Tumblr. According to a source speaking with Business Insider , hundreds of photos of active US servicewomen from all branches of the US military have been posted to an image-sharing board that dates back to May last year. The site is called AnonIB and has threaded conversations where men ask for "wins" - naked images of specific female soldiers.
Raised through public appeal, newspaper and television advertisements,  their official role was the "defence of life or property in Northern Ireland against armed attack or sabotage" but unlike troops from Great Britain they were never used for "crowd control or riot duties in cities". It consisted mostly of part-time volunteers until , when a full-time cadre was added. Uniquely in the British Army, the regiment was on continuous active service throughout its 22 years of service. In , the regiment was retroactively awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross. Large scale intercommunal rioting in stretched police resources in Northern Ireland , so the British Army was deployed to assist the police.